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Marke, T., S. Crewell, V. Schemann, J. H. Schween, and M. Tuononen, 2018: Long-Term Observations and High Resolution Modeling of Mid-Latitude Nocturnal Boundary-Layer Processes Connected to Low-Level-Jets, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 57, 1155–1170,


Achtert P., E. O'Connor, I. M. Brooks, G. Sotiropoulou, M. Shupe, B. Pospichal, B. J. Brooks, and M. Tjernström, 2020: Properties of Arctic liquid and mixed-phase clouds from shipborne Cloudnet observations during ACSE 2014, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 14983-15002,

Böhm, C., M. Reyers, J.-H. Schween, and S.Crewell, 2020: Water vapor variability in the Atacama Desert during the 20th century, Global and Planetary Change, 190, 103192,

Cadeddu, M.P., V. P. Ghate, and M. Mech, 2020: Ground-based Observations of Cloud and Drizzle Liquid Water Path in Stratocumulus Clouds. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 13, 1485–1499,

Cantalloube, F. j. Milli, C. Böhm, S. Crewell, J. Navarrete, K. Rehfeld, M. Sarazin, and A. Sommani, 2020: The impact of climate change on astronomical observations, Nature Astronomy, 4, 826-829,

Carbajal Henken, C., L. Dirks, S. Steinke, H. Diedrich, T. August, and S. Crewell, 2020: Assessment of Sampling Effects of Various Satellite-derived Integrated Water Vapor Datasets Using GPS Measurements in Germany as Reference, Remote Sensing, 12(7), 1170,

Cimini, D., M. Haeffelin, S. Kotthaus, U. Löhnert, P. Martinet, E. O'Connor, C. Walden, M. Collaud Coen, and J. Preissler, 2020: Towards the profiling of the atmospheric boundary layer at European scale—introducing the COST Action PROBE, Bulletin of Atmospheric Science and Technology, 1, 23-42

Costa-Surós, M., O. Sourdeval, C. Acquistapace, H. Baars, C. Carbajal Henken, C. Genz, J. Hesemann, C. Jimenez, M. König, J. Kretzschmar, N. Madenach, C. I. Meyer, R. Schrödner, P. Seifert, F. Senf, M. Brueck, G. Cioni, J. F. Engels, K. Fieg, K. Gorges, R. Heinze, P.K. Siligam, U. Burkhardt, S. Crewell, C. Hoose, A. Seifert, I. Tegen, and J. Quaas, 2020: Detection and attribution of aerosol-cloud interactions in large-domain large-eddy simulations with ICON, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(9), 5657-5678,

Ebell, K., T. Nomokonova, M. Maturilli, and C. Ritter, 2020: Radiative effect of clouds at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, as inferred from ground-based remote sensing observations, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59, 3-22,

Frank, C. W., B. Pospichal, S. Wahl, J. D. Keller, A. Hense, and S. Crewell, 2020: The added value of high resolution regional reanalyses for wind power applications, Renewable Energy, 148, 1094-1109

Gierens, R., S. Kneifel, M. D. Shupe, K. Ebell, M. Maturilli, and U. Löhnert, 2020: Low-level mixed-phase clouds in a complex Arctic environment, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 3459–3481,

Jacob, M., P. Kollias, F. Ament, V. Schemann, and S. Crewell, 2020: Multi-layer Cloud Conditions in Trade Wind Shallow Cumulus – Confronting Models with Airborne Observations, Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 5757–5777,

Maahn, M., D. D. Turner, U. Löhnert, D. J. Posselt, K. Ebell, G. G. Mace, and J. M. Comstock, 2020: Optimal Estimation Retrievals and Their Uncertainties: What Every Atmospheric Scientist Should Know. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, E1512–E1523,

Marke, T., Löhnert, U., Schemann, V., Schween, J. H., and S. Crewell, 2020: Detection of land-surface-induced atmospheric water vapor patterns, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 1723–1736,

McMichael, L. A., Yang F., Marke, T., Löhnert. U., Mechem, D. B., Vogelmann, A. M., Sanchez, K., Tuononen, M., Schween, J. H., 2020: Characterizing Subsiding Shells in Shallow Cumulus Using Doppler Lidar and Large‐Eddy Simulation, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(18), e2020GL089699, DOI:10.1029/2020GL089699

Mech, M., M. Maahn, S. Kneifel, D. Ori, E. Orlandi, P. Kollias, V. Schemann, and S. Crewell, 2020: PAMTRA 1.0: the Passive and Active Microwave radiative TRAnsfer tool for simulating radiometer and radar measurements of the cloudy atmosphere, Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 4229-4251,

Neher, I., S. Crewell, S. Meilinger, U. Pfeifroth, and J. Trentmann, 2020: Long-term variability of solar irradiance and its complications for photovoltaic power in West Africa, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 12871-12888,

Nomokonova, T., K. Ebell, U. Löhnert, M. Maturilli, and C. Ritter, 2020: The influence of water vapor anomalies on clouds and their radiative effect at Ny-Ålesund, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 5157–5173,

Reyers, M., C. Böhm, L. Knarr Y. Shao, and S. Crewell,2020 (online): Synoptic-to-regional scale analysis of rainfall in the Atacama Desert (18°S-26°S) using a long-term simulation with WRF, Monthly Weather Review, 148 (8), 1-51,

Rostosky, P., G. Spreen, S. Gerland, M. Huntemann, and M. Mech, 2020: Modeling the microwave emission of snow on Arctic sea ice for estimating the uncertainty of satellite retrievals, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 125 (3),

Ruiz-Donoso, E., A. Ehrlich, M. Schäfer, E. Jäkel, V. Schemann, S. Crewell, M. Mech, B.S. Kulla, L.-L. Kliesch, R. Neuber, and M. Wendisch, 2020: Small-scale structure of thermodynamic phase in Arctic mixed-phase clouds observed by airborne remote sensing during a cold air outbreak and a warm air advection event, Atmospheric Measurement Technology, 20, 5487–5511,

Schemann, V., K. Ebell, B. Pospichal, R. Neggers, C. Moseley, and B. Stevens, 2020: Linking large‐eddy simulations to local cloud observations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (12), e2020MS002209.

Schemann, V. and K. Ebell, 2020: Simulation of mixed-phase clouds with the ICON large-eddy model in the complex Arctic environment around Ny-Ålesund, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20, 475–485,

Schnitt, S., U. Löhnert, R. Preusker, 2020: Potential of Dual-Frequency Radar and Microwave Radiometer Synergy for Water Vapor Profiling in the Cloudy Trade Wind Environment, Journal of Oceanic and Atmospheric Technology, 37(11), 1973-1986,

Schween, J. H., D. Hoffmeister, and U. Löhnert, 2020: Filling the Observational Gap in the Atacama Desert with a new Network of Climate Stations, Global and Planetary Change, 184,

Stephan, C.C., Schnitt, S., Schulz, H., Bellenger, H., de Szoeke, S. et al, 2020: Ship- and island-based atmospheric soundings from the 2020 EUREC4A field campaign, Earth System Science Data, 13, 491–514,

Stevens, B., C. Acquistapace, M. Costa-Surós, S. Crewell, M. Jacob, U. Löhnert, S. Schnitt, et al., 2020: Large-eddy and Storm Resolving Models for Climate Prediction - The Added Value for Clouds and Precipitation, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 98(2), 395-435,

Toporov, M., and U. Löhnert, 2020: Synergy of Satellite- and Ground-Based Observations for Continuous Monitoring of Atmospheric Stability, Liquid Water Path and Integrated Water Vapor, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(7), 1153-1170,

Wolf, K., A. Ehrlich, M. Mech, R. J. Hogan, and M. Wendisch, 2020: Evaluation of ECMWF Radiation Scheme Using Aircraft Observations of Spectral Irradiance above Clouds, Journal of Atmospheric Science, 77(8), 2665-2685,


Acquistapace, C., M. Maahn, U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, 2019: A New Criterion to Improve Operational Drizzle Detection with Ground-Based Remote Sensing. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 36, 781–801,

Böhm, C., O. Sourdeval, J. Mülmenstädt, J. Quaas, and S. Crewell, 2019: Cloud base height retrieval from multi-angle satellite data, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12, 1841-1860,

Ehrlich, A., M. Wendisch, C. Lüpkes, M. Buschmann, H. Bozem, D. Chechin, H.-C. Clemen, R. Dupuy, O. Eppers, J. Hartmann, A. Herber, E. Jäkel, E. Järvinen, O. Jourdan, U. Kästner, L.-L. Kliesch, F. Köllner, M. Mech, S. Mertes, R. Neuber, E. Ruiz-Donoso, M. Schnaiter, J. Schneider, J. Stapf, and M. Zanatta, 2019: A comprehensive in situ and remote sensing data set from the Arctic CLoud Observations Using airborne measurements during polar Day (ACLOUD) campaign, Earth System Science Data, 11(4), 1853-1903

Illingworth, A.J., D. Cimini, A. Haefele, M. Haeffelin, M. Hervo, S. Kotthaus, U. Löhnert, P. Martinet, I. Mattis, E.J. O’Connor, and R. Potthast, 2019: How Can Existing Ground-Based Profiling Instruments Improve European Weather Forecasts? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 605–619,

Jacob, M., F. Ament, M. Gutleben, H. Konow, M. Mech, M. Wirth, and S. Crewell, 2019: Investigating the liquid water path over the tropical Atlantic with synergistic airborne measurements, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12, 3237-3254,

Jaeschke, A., C. Böhm, F. Merklinger, S. Bernasconi, M. Reyers, S. Kusch, J. Rethemeyer, 2019: Variation in δ15N of fog-dependent Tillandsia ecosystems reflect water availability across climate gradients in the hyperarid Atacama Desert, Global and Planetary Change, 183,

Knudsen, E.M., and O.J. de Bolsée, 2019: The role of climate scientists in the post-factual society, Geoscience Communication, 2, 83-93,

Konow, H., M. Jacob, F. Ament, S. Crewell, F Ewald, M. Hagen, L. Hirsch, F. Jansen, M. Mech, and B. Stevens, 2019: A unified data set of airborne cloud remote sensing using the HALO Microwave Package (HAMP), Earth System Science Data, 11, 921-934,

Küchler, N. and U. Löhnert, 2019: Radar-radiometer based liquid water content retrievals of warm low-level clouds: how the measurement setup affects retrieval uncertainties, IEEE JSTARS, 12, 5, 1355 - 1361,

Kulla, B. S. and C. Ritter, 2019: Water Vapor Calibration: Using a Raman Lidar and Radiosoundings to Obtain Highly Resolved Water Vapor Profiles, Remote Sensing, 11, 616,

Lammert, A., A. Hansen, F. Ament, S. Crewell, G. Dick, V. Grützun, H. Klein-Baltink, V. Lehmann, A. Macke, B. Pospichal, W. Schubotz, P. Seifert, E. Stamnas, and B. Stevens, 2019: A Standardized Atmospheric Measurement Data (SAMD) Archive for distributed cloud and precipitation process-oriented observations in Central Europe, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(7), 1299-1314,

Mech, M., L.-L. Kliesch, A. Anhäuser, T. Rose, P. Kollias and S. Crewell, 2019: Microwave Radar/radiometer for Arctic Clouds MiRAC: first insights from the ACLOUD campaign, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12, 5019–5037,

Neher, I., T. Buchmann, S. Crewell, B. Pospichal, S. Meilinger: Impact of atmospheric aerosols on solar energy production - Dust outbreak in West Africa, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 28, 305-321,

Nomokonova, T., K. Ebell, U. Löhnert, M. Maturilli, C. Ritter, E. O'Connor, 2019: Statistics on clouds and their relation to thermodynamic conditions at Ny-Ålesund using ground-based sensor synergy, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19, 4105-4126,

Pfitzenmaier L., A. Battaglia, P. Kollias, 2019: The Impact of the Radar-Sampling Volume on Multiwavelength Spaceborne Radar Measurements Using Airborne Radar Observations Remote Sensing, 11, 2263,

Radovan A., S. Crewell, E.M. Knudsen and A. Rinke, 2019: Environmental conditions for polar low formation and development over the Nordic Seas: study of January cases based on the Arctic System Reanalysis, Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology & Oceanography, 71, 1-16,

Rinke A., B. Segger, S. Crewell, M. Maturilli, T. Naakka, T. Nygard, T. Vihma, F. Alshawaf, G. Dick, J. Wickert and J. Kellert, 2019: Trends of vertically integrated water vapor over the Arctic during 1979-2016: Consistent moistening all over? Journal of Climate, 32, 6097-6116,

Steinke, S., S. Wahl and S. Crewell, 2019: Benefit of high resolution COSMO reanalysis: The diurnal cycle of column-integrated water vapour over Germany, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 28(2), 165-177,

Stevens, B., F. Ament, S. Bony, S. Crewell, S. Groß, L. Hirsch, B. Mayer, M. Wendisch, M. Wirth, S. Bakan, H.-M. Brück, A. Ehrlich, F. Ewald, D. Farrell, M. Forde, F. Gödde, H. Grob, M. Hagen, A. Hansen, M. Jacob, E. Jäckel, F. Jansen, C. Klepp, M. Klingebiel, H. Konow, M. Mech, G. Peters, M. Rapp, A. Wing, K. Wolf, 2019: A High-Altitude Long-Range Aircraft Configured as a Cloud Observatory: The NARVAL Expedition, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100 (5), 1061–1077,

Wendisch, M., A. Macke, A. Ehrlich, C. Lüpkes, M. Mech, D. Chechin, K. Dethloff, C. Barientos, H. Bozem, M. Brückner, H.-C. Clemen, S. Crewell, T. Donth, R. Dupuy, C. Dusny, K. Ebell, U. Egerer, R. Engelmann, C. Engler, O. Eppers, M. Gehrmann, X. Gong, M. Gottschalk, C. Gourbeyre, H. Griesche, J. Hartmann, M. Hartmann, B. Heinold, A. Herber, H. Herrmann, G. Heygster, P. Hoor, S. Jafariserajehlou, E. Jäkel, E. Järvinen, O. Jourdan, U. Kästner, S. Kecorius, E. M. Knudsen, F. Köllner, J. Kretzschmar, L. Lelli, D. Leroy, M. Maturilli, L. Mei, S. Mertes, G. Mioche, R. Neuber, M. Nicolaus, T. Nomokonova, J. Notholt, M. Palm, M. van Pinxteren, J. Quaas, P. Richter, E. Ruiz-Donoso, M. Schäfer, K. Schmieder, M. Schnaiter, J. Schneider, A. Schwarzenböck, P. Seifert, M. D. Shupe, H. Siebert, G. Spreen, J. Stapf, F. Stratmann, T. Vogl, A. Welti, H. Wex, A. Wiedensohler, M. Zanatta, and S. Zeppenfeld, 2019: The Arctic Cloud Puzzle: Using ACLOUD/PASCAL Multi-Platform Observations to Unravel the Role of Clouds and Aerosol Particles in Arctic Amplification, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100 (5), 841-871,

Wolf, K., Ehrlich, A., Jacob, M., Crewell, S., Wirth, M., and Wendisch, M., 2019: Improvement of Airborne Retrievals of Cloud Droplet Number Concentration of Trade Wind Cumulus Using a Synergetic Approach, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12, 1635-1658,


Aires, F., C. Prigent, M. Milz, S. Buehler, P. Eriksson, and S. Crewell, 2018: Towards more realistic hypotheses for the information content analysis of cloudy/precipitating situations - Application to an hyper-spectral instrument in the microwaves, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 2018;145:1–14,

Frank, C. W., S. Wahl, J.D. Keller, B. Pospichal, A. Hense, S. Crewell, 2018: Bias correction of a novel European reanalysis data set for solar energy applications, Solar Energy, 164, 12-24,

He, S., E.M. Knudsen, D.W.J. Thompson, and T. Furevik, 2018: Evidence for predictive skill due to Arctic summertime sea-ice extent anomalies, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 9114–9122,

Knudsen, E.M., B. Heinold, S. Dahlke, H. Bozem, S. Crewell, I. V. Gorodetskaya, G. Heygster, D. Kunkel, M. Maturilli, M. Mech, C. Viceto, A. Rinke, H. Schmithuesen, A. Ehrlich, A. Macke, C. Luepkes, and M. Wendisch, 2018: Meteorological conditions during the ACLOUD/PASCAL field campaign near Svalbard in early summer 2017, Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry,18, 17995-18022,

Küchler, N., S. Kneifel, P. Kollias and U. Löhnert, 2018: Revisiting liquid water content retrievals in warm stratified clouds: The modified Frisch. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 1–8.

Manninen, A., T. Marke, E. O'Connor, and M. Tuononen, 2018: Atmospheric boundary layer classification with Doppler lidar, J. Geophys. Res. , 123(15), 8172-8189,

Marke, T., S. Crewell, V. Schemann, J. H. Schween, and M. Tuononen, 2018: Long-Term Observations and High Resolution Modeling of Mid-Latitude Nocturnal Boundary-Layer Processes Connected to Low-Level-Jets, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 57, 1155–1170,

Maturilli, M. and K. Ebell, 2018: Twenty-five years of cloud base height measurements by ceilometer in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1451-1456,

Mülmenstädt, J., O. Sourdeval, D. S. Henderson, T. S. L'Ecuyer, C. Unglaub, L. Jungandreas, C. Böhm, L. M. Russell, and J. Quaas, 2018: Using CALIOP to estimate cloud-field base height and its uncertainty: the Cloud Base Altitude Spatial Extrapolator (CBASE) algorithm and dataset, Earth System Science Data, 10(4), 2279-2293,

Schäfler, A., G. Craig, H. Wernli, P. Arbogast, J.D. Doyle, R. McTaggart-Cowan, J. Methven, G. Rivière, F. Ament, M. Boettcher, M. Bramberger, Q. Cazenave, R. Cotton, S. Crewell, J. Delanoë, A. Dörnbrack, A. Ehrlich, F. Ewald, A. Fix, C.M. Grams, S.L. Gray, H. Grob, S. Groß, M. Hagen, B. Harvey, L. Hirsch, M. Jacob, T. Kölling, H. Konow, C. Lemmerz, O. Lux, L. Magnusson, B. Mayer, M. Mech, R. Moore, J. Pelon, J. Quinting, S. Rahm, M. Rapp, M. Rautenhaus, O. Reitebuch, C.A. Reynolds, H. Sodemann, T. Spengler, G. Vaughan, M. Wendisch, M. Wirth, B. Witschas, K. Wolf, and T. Zinner, 2018: The North Atlantic Waveguide and Downstream Impact Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 1607–1637,


Acquistapace, C., S. Kneifel, U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, M. Maahn, and M. Bauer-Pfundstein, 2017: Optimizing observations of drizzle onset with millimeter-wavelength radars, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1783-1802, doi:10.5194/amt-10-1783-2017

Bony, S., B. Stevens, F. Ament, Sebastien Bigorre, P. Chazette, S. Crewell, J. Delanoë, K. Emanuel, D. Farrell, C. Flamant, S. Gross, L. Hirsch, J. Karstensen, B. Mayer, L. Nuijens, J.H. Ruppert Jr., I. Sandu, P.A. Siebesma, S. Speich, F. Szczap, J. Totems, R. Vogel, M. Wendisch, M. Wirth: EUREC^4A: a field campaign to elucidate the couplings between clouds, convection and circulation. Survey in Geophysics, DOI 10.1007/s10712-017-9428-0,

Bühl, J., Alexander, S., Crewell, S., Heymesfield, A., Kalesse, H., Khain, A., Maahn, M., van Tricht, K., Wendisch, M., 2017: Ice Formation and Evolution in Clouds and Precipitation: Measurement and Modeling Challenges, Baumgardner, D., McFarquhar, G., and Heymsfield, A. (Eds.), Chapter 10: Remote Sensing. AMS Meteorological Monographs. 10.1-10.21, https://doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-16-0015.1 , pdf

Cadeddu, M. P., R. Marchand, E. Orlandi, D. Turner, M. Mech, 2017: Microwave ground-based retrievals of cloud and rain liquid water path in drizzling and precipitating clouds: Challenges and possibilities, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 55, Issue 11, pp. 6468 - 6481, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2017.2728699.

De Angelis, F., Cimini, D., Löhnert, U., Caumont, O., Haefele, A., Pospichal, B., Martinet, P., Navas-Guzmán, F., Klein-Baltink, H., Dupont, J.-C., and Hocking, J., 2017: Long-term observations minus background monitoring of ground-based brightness temperatures from a microwave radiometer network, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 3947-3961,

Ebell, K., U. Löhnert, E. Päschke, E. Orlandi, J. H. Schween, and S. Crewell, 2017: A 1-D variational retrieval of temperature, humidity, and liquid cloud properties: Performance under idealized and real conditions, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD025945.

Heinze, R., A. Dipankar, C.C. Henken, C. Moseley, O, Sourdeval, S.Tromel, X. Xie, P. Adamidis, F. Ament, H. Baars, C. Barthlott, A. Behrendt, U. Blahak, S. Bley, S. Brdar, M. Brueck, S. Crewell, H. Deneke, P. Di Girolamo, R. Evaristo, J. Fischer, C. Frank, P. Friederichs, T. Gocke, K. Gorges, L. Hande, M. Hanke, A. Hansen, H-C. Hege, C. Hoose, T. Jahns, N. Kalthoff, D. Klocke, S. Kneifel, P. Knippertz, A. Kuhn, T. van Laar, A. Macke, V. Maurer, B. Mayer, C. I. Meyer, S. K. Muppa, R. A. J. Neggers, E. Orlandi, F. Pantillon, B. Pospichal, N. Rober, L. Scheck, A. Seifert, P. Seifert, F. Senf, P. Siligam, C. Simmer, S. Steinke, B. Stevens, K. Wapler, M. Weniger, V. Wulfmeyer, G. Zängl, D. Zhang, and J. Quaas, 2017: Large-eddy simulations over Germany using ICON: A comprehensive evaluation. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 143: 69 – 100, doi:10.1002/qj.2947

Henckes, P., A. Knaut, F. Obermüller, C. Frank, 2018: The benefit of long-term high resolution wind data for electricity system analysis, Energy, 143, 934-942, doi:10.1016/

Küchler, N., S. Kneifel, U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, H. Czekala, T. Rose, 2017: A W-band radar-radiometer system for accurate and continuous monitoring of clouds and precipitation, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech.,

Maahn, M. and U. Löhnert, 2017: Potential of higher-order moments and slopes of the radar Doppler spectrum for retrieving microphysical and kinematic properties of Arctic ice clouds, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 56, 263-282, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0020.1.

Macke, A., P. Seifert, H. Baars, C. Barthlott, C. Beekmans, A. Behrendt, B. Bohn, M. Brück, J. Bühl, S. Crewell, T. Damian, H. Deneke, S. Düsing, A. Foth, P. Di Girolamo, E. Hammann, R. Heinze, A. Hirsikko, J. Kalisch, N. Kalthoff, S. Kinne, M. Kohler, U. Löhnert, B. L. Madhavan, V. Maurer, S. H. Muppa, J. Schween, I. Serikov, H. Siebert, C. Simmer, F. Späth, S. Steinke, K. Träumner, S. Trömel, B. Wehner, A. Wieser, V. Wulfmeyer, X. Xie, 2017: The HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment HOPE – An Overview, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4887-4914, doi:10.5194/acp-17-4887-2017.

Neher, I., T. Buchmann, S. Crewell, B. Evers-Dietze, K. Pfeilsticker, B. Pospichal, C. Schirrmeister, and S. Meilinger: Impact of atmospheric aerosols on daily yields of a polycrystalline PV module using a two-diode model: Scenario for the Sahel zone, Energy Procedia, 125, 170-179, DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.08.168.

Nehrir, A. R., C. Kiemle, M. D. Lebsock, G. Kirchengast, S. A. Buehler, U. Löhnert, Cong-Liang Liu, P. C. Hargrave, M. Barrera-Verdejo, D. M. Winker, 2017: Emerging Technologies and Synergies for Airborne and Space-Based Measurements of Water Vapor Profiles, Surv Geophys,

Schnitt, S., E. Orlandi, M. Mech, A. Ehrlich, and S. Crewell, 2017: Characterisation of Water Vapor and Clouds during the Next-Generation Aircraft Remote-sensing for Validation (NARVAL)-South studies, IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Earth Observation and Remote Sensing (JSTARS), Vol. 10, No. 7, doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2687943.

Souverijns, N., A. Gossart, S. Lhermitte, I. V. Gorodetskaya, S. Kneifel, M. Maahn, F. L. Bliven, and N. P. M. Van Lipzig, 2017: Estimating radar reflectivity - snowfall rate relationships and their uncertainties over Antarctica by combining disdrometer and radar observations, Atmospheric Research, 196, 211-223,

Stachlewska, I.S., Costa-Surós, M., and Althausen, D., 2017: Raman lidar water vapor profiling over Warsaw, Poland, Atmos. Res., 194, 258–267, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.05.004

Wahl, S., C. Bollmeyer, S. Crewell, C. Figura, P. Friederichs, A. Hense, J. Keller, and C. Ohlwein, 2017: A novel convective-scale regional reanalysis COSMO-REA2: Improving the representation of precipitation, Metorologische Zeitschrift,DOI 10.1127/metz/2017/0824.

Wendisch, M., M. Brückner, J. P. Burrows, S. Crewell, K. Dethloff, K. Ebell, Ch. Lüpkes, A. Macke, J. Notholt, J. Quaas, A. Rinke, and I. Tegen, 2017: Understanding causes and effects of rapid warming in the Arctic. Eos, 98, doi:10.1029/2017EO064803

Zuidema, P., J. Haggerty, M. Cadeddu, J. Jensen, E. Orlandi, M. Mech, J. Vivekanandan, and Z. Wang, 2017: Recommendations for improving US NSF-supported airborne microwave radiometry. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 97, 2257–2261,


Barrera-Verdejo, M., Crewell, S., Löhnert, U., Orlandi, E., and Di Girolamo, P., 2016: Ground-based lidar and microwave radiometry synergy for high vertical resolution absolute humidity profiling, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4013-4028. doi:10.5194/amt-9-4013-2016

Caumont, O., Cimini, D., Löhnert, U., Alados-Arboledas, L., Bleisch, R., Buffa, F., Ferrario, M. E., Haefele, A., Huet, T., Madonna, F. and Pace, G., 2016: Assimilation of humidity and temperature observations retrieved from ground-based microwave radiometers into a convective-scale NWP model. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142: 2692–2704. doi:10.1002/qj.2860

De Angelis, F., D. Cimini, J. Hocking, P. Martinet, and S. Kneifel, 2016: RTTOV-gb - Adapting the fast radiative transfer model RTTOV for the assimilation of ground-based microwave radiometer observations, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2721-2739,

Haeffelin, M., S. Crewell, A. Illingworth, G. Pappalardo, H. Russchenberg, M. Chiriaco, K. Ebell, R. Hogan, and F. Madonna, 2016: Parallel Developments and Formal Collaboration between European Atmospheric Profiling Observatories and the U.S. ARM Research Program. Meteorological Monographs, 57, 29.1–29.34, doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0045.1.

Kalesse, H., Szyrmer, W., Kneifel, S., Kollias, P., and Luke, E., 2016: Fingerprints of a riming event on cloud radar Doppler spectra: observations and modeling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 2997-3012, doi:10.5194/acp-16-2997-2016.

Kneifel, S., P. Kollias, A. Battaglia, J. Leinonen, M. Maahn, H. Kalesse, and F. Tridon, 2016: First Observations of Triple Frequency Radar Doppler Spectra in Snowfall: Interpretation and Applications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL067618.

Knudsen, E. M. and J. E. Walsh, 2016: Northern Hemisphere storminess in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1-M), Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2335-2355, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2335-2016.

Küchler, N., D.D. Turner, U. Löhnert and S. Crewell, 2016: Calibrating ground-based microwave radiometers: Uncertainty and drifts. Radio Sci., 51 (4), 311-327. doi:10.1002/2015RS005826.

Marke, T., K. Ebell, U. Löhnert, and D. D. Turner, 2016: Statistical retrieval of thin liquid cloud microphysical properties using ground-based infrared and microwave observations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 14,558–14,573, doi:10.1002/2016JD025667.

Saeed, U., F. Rocadenbosch, S. Crewell, 2016: Adaptive Estimation of the Stable-Boundary-Layer Height Using Combined Lidar and Microwave Radiometer Observations, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54(12), 6895 - 6906. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2016.2586298

Schickling, A., M. Matveeva, A. Damm, J. H. Schween, A. Wahner, A. Graf, S. Crewell, and U. Rascher, 2016: Combining Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photochemical Reflectance Index Improves Diurnal Modeling of Gross Primary Productivity, Remote Sensing, 8, 574; doi:10.3390/rs8070574

Turner, D.D., S. Kneifel, M.P. Cadeddu, 2016: An Improved Liquid Water Absorption Model in the Microwave for Supercooled Liquid Water Clouds, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. 33, 33–44 doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0074.1.


Aires, F., C. Prigent, E. Orlandi, M. Milz, P. Eriksson, S. Crewell, C.-C. Lin, and V. Kangas, 2015: Microwave hyperspectral measurements for temperature and humidity atmospheric profiling from satellite: The clear-sky case, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(21), 11334-11351, doi:10.1002/2015JD023331

Barrera-Verdejo, M., S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, E. Orlandi, and P. Di Girolamo, 2015: Ground-Based Lidar and Microwave Radiometry Synergy for High Vertically Resolved Thermodynamic Profiling, Atmospheric Measurement Technique Disscussion, 8, 5467-5509,

Blumberg, W.G., D.D. Turner, U. Löhnert, and S. Castleberry: Ground-based temperature and humidity profiling using spectral infrared and microwave observations. Part II: Actual retrieval performance in clear sky and cloudy conditions. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim. , 54, 2305–2319, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0005.1.

Bollmeyer, C., J. Keller, C. Ohlwein, S. Bentzien, S. Crewell, P. Friedrichs, A. Hense, J. Keune, S. Kneifel, I. Pscheidt, S. Redl, S. Steinke, 2015: Towards a high-resolution regional reanalysis for the European CORDEX domain, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (86), 1–15. Featured Research Article. doi:10.1002/qj.2486.

Corbetta, G., T. Heus, R. Neggers, E. Orlandi, and S. Crewell: Overlap statistics of shallow boundary layer clouds: comparing ground-based observations with large-eddy simulations, Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2015GL065140.

Eikenberg, S., C. Köhler, A. Seifert, and S. Crewell: How microphysical choices affect simulated infrared brightness temperatures, Atmospheric Research, 156, 67–79, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.12.010.

Gorodetskaya, I.V., S. Kneifel, M. Maahn, K. Van Tricht, J. H. Schween, S. Crewell, and N. P. M. Van Lipzig, Cloud and precipitation properties from ground-based remote sensing instruments in East Antarctica The Cryosphere, 9, 285-304, 2015. doi:10.5194/tc-9-285-2015.

Illingworth, A., D. Cimini, C. Gaffard, M. Haeffelin, V. Lehmann, U. Löhnert, E. O'Connor, and D. Ruffieux, 2015: Exploiting existing ground-based remote sensing networks to improve high resolution weather forecasts, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. DOI:

Löhnert, U., J. H. Schween, C. Acquistapace, K. Ebell, M. Maahn, M. Barrera-Verdejo, A. Hirsikko, B. Bohn, A. Knaps, E. O'Connor, C. Simmer, A. Wahner, S. Crewell, 2015: JOYCE: Jülich Observatory for Cloud Evolution Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1157-1174, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00105.1.

Maahn, M., U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, R. Jackson, and G. McFarquhar, 2015: Developing and Evaluating Ice Cloud Parameterizations for Forward Modeling of Radar Moments Using In Situ Aircraft Observations. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 32, 880-903, doi:doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00112.1.

Simmer, C., I. Thiele-Eich, M. Masbou, W. Amelung, S. Crewell, B. Diekkrueger, F. Ewert, H.-J. Hendricks Franssen, A. J. Huisman, A. Kemna, N. Klitzsch, S. Kollet, M. Langensiepen, U. Loehnert, M. Rahman, U. Rascher, K.Schneider, J. Schween, Y. Shao, P. Shrestha, M. Stiebler, M. Sulis, J. Vanderborght, H. Vereecken, J. van der Kruk, T. Zerenner, G. Waldhoff, 2015: Monitoring and Modeling the Terrestrial System from Pores to Catchments - the Transregional Collaborative Research Center on Patterns in the Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere System, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00134.1.

Slobodda, J., A. Hünerbein, R. Lindstrot, R. Preusker, K. Ebell, and J. Fischer, 2015: Multichannel analysis of correlation length of SEVIRI images around ground-based cloud observatories to determine their representativeness, Atmos. Meas. Tech. , 8, 567-578, doi:10.5194/amt-8-567-2015.

Steinke, S., S. Eikenberg, U. Löhnert, G. Dick, D. Klocke, P. Di Girolamo, and S. Crewell, 2015: Assessment of Small-Scale Integrated Water Vapour Variability During HOPE, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2675-2692, doi:10.5194/acp-15-2675-2015.

Xie, X, S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, C. Simmer, J. Miao, Polarization Signatures and Brightness Temperatures Caused by Horizontally-Oriented Snow Particles at Microwave Bands: Effects of Atmospheric Absorption, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/2015JD023158.


Ahrends, H. A., R. Haseneder-Lind, J. H. Schween, S. Crewell, A. Stadler and U. Rascher, 2014: Diurnal Dynamics of Wheat Evapotranspiration Derived from Ground-Based Thermal Imagery, Remote Sensing, 6(10), 9775-9801, doi:10.3390/rs6109775.

Battaglia, A., C. D. Westbrook, S. Kneifel, P. Kollias, N. Humpage, U. Löhnert,, J. Tyynelä, and G. W. Petty, 2014: G band atmospheric radars: new frontiers in cloud physics, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1527-1546, doi:10.5194/amt-7-1527-2014.

Hünerbein, A., H. Deneke, A. Macke, K. Ebell, and U. Görsdorf, 2014: Combining the Perspective of Satellite- and Ground-Based Observations to Analyze Cloud Frontal Systems. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 53, 2538–2552, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0274.1.

Kneifel, S, S. Redl, E. Orlandi, U. Löhnert, M. P. Cadeddu, D. D. Turner, and M-T. Chen: Absorption Properties of Supercooled Liquid Water between 31 and 225 GHz: Evaluation of Absorption Models Using Ground-based Observations, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1028–1045, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0214.1.

Kulie, M. S., M. J. Hiley, R. Bennartz, S. Kneifel, and S. Tanelli: Triple frequency radar reflectivity signatures of snow: Observations and comparisons to theoretical ice particle scattering models, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1080–1098, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-066.1.

Maahn M., C. Burgard, S. Crewell, I. V. Gorodetskaya, S. Kneifel, S. Lhermitte, K. Van Tricht, N. P. M. van Lipzig, 2014: How does the spaceborne radar blind zone affect derived surface snowfall statistics in polar regions? J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, 119, 13604–13620, doi:10.1002/2014JD022079.

Mech, M., E. Orlandi, S. Crewell, F. Ament, L. Hirsch, M. Hagen, G. Peters, and B. Stevens, 2014: HAMP - the microwave package on the High Altitude and LOng range research aircraft HALO, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 7, 4623-4657, doi:10.5194/amt-7-4539-2014.

Paine, S, D. D. Turner, N. Küchler, 2014: Understanding Thermal Drift in Liquid Nitrogen Loads Used for Radiometric Calibration in the Field. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 647–655, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00171.1.

Schween, J. H., Hirsikko, A., Löhnert, U., and Crewell, S., 2014: Mixing layer height retrieval with ceilometer and Doppler lidar: from case studies to long-term assessment, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3685-3704, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3685-2014.

Steinke, S., U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, and S. Liu, 2014: Water vapor tomography with two microwave radiometers, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 11(2), 419 - 423, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2264354.

Turner, D. D., U. Löhnert, 2014: Information Content and Uncertainties in Thermodynamic Profiles and Liquid Cloud Properties Retrieved from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 53, 752–771. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0126.1.

Turner, D.D., V. Wulfmeyer, L. K. Berg, and J.H. Schween, 2014: Water Vapor Turbulence Profiles in Stationary Continental Convective Mixed Layers, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 119(19), 11,151–11,165, doi:10.1002/2014JD022202.

Van Tricht, K., I. V. Gorodetskaya, S. Lhermitte, D. D. Turner, J. H. Schween, and N. P. M. Van Lipzig, 2014: An improved algorithm for polar cloud-base detection by ceilometer over the ice sheets, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1153-1167, doi:10.5194/amt-7-1153-2014.


Ebell, K., E. Orlandi, A. Hünerbein, U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, 2013: Combining ground and satellite based measurements in the atmospheric state retrieval: Assessment of the information content, J. Geophys. Res. 18, 6940–6956, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50548.

Maschwitz, G., U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, T., and D.D. Turner, 2013: Investigation of Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Calibration Techniques at 530 hPa, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2641–2658, doi:10.5194/amt-6-2641-2013.

Meunier, V., U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, and S. Crewell, 2013: Biases caused by the Instrument Bandwidth and Beam Width on Simulated Brightness Temperature Measurements from Scanning Microwave Radiometers, Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 1171-1187, doi:10.5194/amt-6-1171-2013.

Shao., Y. S. Liu, S. Crewell, and J.H. Schween, 2013: Large-Eddy Atmosphere - Land Surface Modeling over Heterogeneous Surfaces: Model Development and Comparison with Measurements. Boundary Layer Meteorology, August 2013, 148 (2), 333-356, doi:10.1007/s10546-013-9823-0.

Tortora, P., S. Crewell, G. Elgered, A. Graziani, P. Jarlemark, U. Loehnert, A. Martellucci, M. Mercolino, T. Rose and J. Schween, 2013: AWARDS: Advanced Microwave Radiometers in Deep Space Stations. Space communications, 22 (2009-2013), 159-170, doi:10.3233/SC-130011.


Buehler, S. A., E. Defer, F. Evans, S. Eliasson, J. Mendrok, P. Eriksson, C. Lee, C. Jimenéz, C. Prigent, S. Crewell, Y. Kasai, R. Bennartz, and A. J. Gasiewski, 2012: Observing Ice Clouds in the Submillimeter Spectral Range: The CloudIce Mission Proposal for ESA's Earth Explorer 8, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1529–1549, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1529-2012.

Leinonen, J., S. Kneifel , D. Moisseev , J. Tyynelä , S. Tanelli, and T. Nousiainen: Evidence of Nonspheroidal Behavior in Millimeter-Wavelength Radar Observations of Snowfall, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D18205, 10 pp, doi:10.1029/2012JD017680.

Löhnert, U. and Maier, O.: Operational profiling of temperature using ground-based microwave radiometry at Payerne: prospects and challenges, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1121-1134, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1121-2012.

Maahn, M. and Kollias, P., 2012: Improved Micro Rain Radar snow measurements using Doppler spectra post-processing, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2661-2673, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2661-2012.

Turner, D.D., E.J. Mlawer, G. Bianchini, M.P. Cadeddu, S. Crewell, J.S. Delamere, 5 R.O. Knuteson, G. Maschwitz, M. Mlynzcak, S. Paine, L. Palchetti, and D.C. Tobin, 2012: Ground-based High Spectral Resolution Observations of the Entire Terrestrial Spectrum Under Extremely Dry Conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L10801, doi:10.1029/2012GL051542.

Xie, X., U. Löhnert, S. Kneifel, and S. Crewell, 2012: Snow particle orientation observed by ground-based microwave radiometry, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D02206, 12 pp., doi:10.1029/2011JD016369.

Zacharias, S., M. Reyers, J.G. Pinto, J.H. Schween, S. Crewell, M. Kerschgens, 2012: Heat and moisture budgets from airborne measurements and high resolution model simulations. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 117:47–61, doi:10.1007/s00703-012-0188-6.


Akkermans, T., T. Böhme, M. Demuzere, S. Crewell, C. Selbach, T. Reinhardt, A. Seifert, F. Ament, N. Van Lipzig, 2011: Regime-dependent evaluation of accumulated precipitation in the COSMO model, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 108(1-2), 39-52, doi:10.1007/s00704-011-0502-0.

Böhme, T., S. Stapelberg, T. Akkermans, S. Crewell, J. Fischer, T. Reinhardt, A. Seifert, C. Selbach, N. van Lipzig, 2011: Long-term evaluation of COSMO forecasting using combined observational data of the GOP period, Meteorol. Z., 20(2), 119-132, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2011/0225.

Deng, Z., M. Bender, F. Zus, M., Ge, G. Dick, M. Ramatschi, J. Wickert, U. Löhnert., S. Schön, 2011: Validation of tropospheric slant path delays derived from single and dual frequency GPS receivers. Radio Science, 46(6), RS6007, doi:10.1029/2011RS004687.

Ebell, K., S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, D. Turner, E. o'Connor, 2011: Cloud statistics and cloud radiative effect for a low-mountain site. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 306-324,

Kneifel, S., M. Maahn , G. Peters and C. Simmer, 2011: Observation of snowfall with a low-power FM-CW K-band radar (Micro Rain Radar), Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 113, 75-87, doi:10.1007/s00703-011-0142-z.

Kneifel, S., M. S. Kulie, and R. Bennartz, 2011: A triple-frequency approach to retrieve microphysical snowfall parameters, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D11203, doi:10.1029/2010JD015430.

Löhnert, U., S. Kneifel, A. Battaglia, M. Hagen, L. Hirsch, S. Crewell, 2011: A multi-sensor approach towards a better understanding of snowfall microphysics: The TOSCA project, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 613–628, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2909.1.

Reitter, S., K. Fröhlich, A. Seifert, S. Crewell, and M. Mech, Evaluation of ice and snow content in the global numerical weather prediction model GME with CloudSat, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 579-589, 2011, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-579-2011.

Schween, J.H., S. Crewell, and U. Löhnert, 2011: Horizontal-humidity gradient from one single-scanning microwave Radiometer, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 8(2), 336-340, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2010.2072981.

Wulfmeyer, V., A. Behrendt, C. Kottmeier, U. Corsmeier, C. Barthlott, G. Craig, M. Hagen, D. Althausen, F. Aoshima, M. Arpagaus, H.-S. Bauer, L. Bennett, A. Blyth, C. Brandau, C. Champollion, S. Crewell, G. Dick, P. Di Girolamo, M. Dorninger, Y. Dufournet, R. Eigenmann, 2011: The Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS): The Scientific Strategy, the Field Phase, and Research Highlights. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 3-30,


Ebell, K. , U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, D. Turner, 2010: On characterizing the error in a remotely sensed liquid water content profile, Atmospheric Research, 98(1), 57-68, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.06.002.

Graf, A., D. Schüttemeyer, H. Geiß, A. Knaps, M. Möllmann-Coers, J.H. Schween, S. Kollet, B. Neininger, M. Herbst, and H. Vereecken, 2010: Boundedness of turbulent temperature probability distributions, and their relation to the vertical profile in the convective boundary layer.Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 134:459-486, doi:10.1007/s10546-009-9444-9.

Kneifel, S. , U. Löhnert, A. Battaglia, S. Crewell, D. Siebler (2010): Snow scattering signals in ground-based passive microwave measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16214, doi:10.1029/2010JD013856.

Pfeifer, M., W. Yen, M. Hagen, G. Craig, T. Reinhardt, M. Mech, S. Crewell, A. Hünerbein, M. Schröder, J. Fischer, M. Baldauf, A. Seifert, 2010: Validating precipitation forecasts using sensor synergy: The case study approach. Meteorol. Z., 19(6), 601-617, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0487.

Pospichal, B., D. Bou Karam, S. Crewell, C. Flamant, A. Hünerbein, O. Bock, F. Said, 2010: Diurnal cycle of the inter-tropical discontinuity over West Africa analysed by remote sensing and mesoscale modelling. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 136(1), 92-106, doi:10.1002/qj.435.


Crewell, S., K. Ebell, U. Löhnert, and D.D. Turner, 2009: Can liquid water profiles be retrieved from passive microwave zenith observations? Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L06803, doi:10.1029/2008GL036934.

Kalthoff, K., B. Adler, Ch. Barthlott, U. Corsmeier, S. Mobbs, S. Crewell, K. Traumner, Ch. Kottmeier, A. Wieser, and V. Smith, 2009: The Impact of Convergence Zones on the Initiation of Deep Convection: A Case Study from COPS, Atmos. Res., 93(4), 680-694, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.02.010.

Kneifel, S., S. Crewell, U. Löhnert and J. Schween, 2009: Investigating water vapor variability by groundbased microwave radiometry: Evaluation using airborne observations, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 6(1), 157-161, [|doi:10.1109/LGRS.2008.2007659]].

Löhnert, U., D. Turner, S. Crewell, 2009: Ground-based temperature and humidity profiling using spectral infrared and microwave observations: Part 1. Simulated retrieval performance in clear sky conditions. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 48(5), 1017–1032, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC2060.1.

Turner, D., M.P. Caddedu, U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, and A.M. Vogelmann, 2009: Modifications to the water vapor continuum in the Microwave suggested by ground-based 150 GHz Observations, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 47(10), 3326-3337, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2022262.


Chaboureau, J.-P., N. Söhne, J.-P. Pinty, I. Meirold-Mautner, E. Defer, C. Prigent, J. Pardo, M. Mech and S.Crewell, 2008: A Midlatitude Precipitating Cloud Database Validated with Satellite Observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 1337–1353, doi:10.1175/2007JAMC1731.1.

Crewell, S., M. Mech, T. Reinhardt, C. Selbach, H.-D. Betz, E. Brocard, G. Dick, E. O’Connor, J. Fischer, T. Hanisch, T. Hauf, A. Hünerbein, L. Delobbe, A. Mathes, G. Peters, H. Wernli, M. Wiegner and V. Wulfmeyer, 2008: The General Observation Period 2007 within the Priority Programm on Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting: Concept and first results. Meteorol. Z., 17(6), 849-866, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0336.

Kottmeier, Ch., N. Kalthoff, Ch. Barthlott, U. Corsmeier, J. Van Baelen, A. Behrendt, R. Behrendt, A. Blyth, R. Coulter, S. Crewell, P. Di Girolamo, M. Dorninger, C. Flamant, Th. Foken, M. Hagen, Ch. Hauck, H. Höller, H. Konow, M. Kunz, H. Mahlke, S. Mobbs, E. Richard, R. Steinacker, T. Weckwerth, A. Wieser, and V. Wulfmeyer, 2008: Mechanisms initiating deep convection over complex terrain during COPS. Meteorol. Z., 17(6), 931-948, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0348.

Löhnert, U., S. Crewell, O. Krasnov, E. O’Connor, H. Russchenberg, 2008: Advances in continuously profiling the thermodynamic state of the boundary layer: Integration of measurements and methods. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25, 1251–1266, doi:10.1175/2007JTECHA961.1.

Pelon, J., M. Mallet, A. Mariscal, P. Goloub, D. Tanré, D. Bou Karam, C. Flamant, J. Haywood, B. Pospichal, and S. Victori (2008), Microlidar observations of biomass burning aerosol over Djougou (Benin) during African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Special Observation Period 0: Dust and Biomass-Burning Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C18, doi:10.1029/2008JD009976.

Wulfmeyer, V., A. Behrendt, H.-S. Bauer, C. Kottmeier, U. Corsmeier, A. Blyth, G. Craig, U. Schumann, M. Hagen, S. Crewell, P. Di Girolamo, C. Flamant, M. Miller, A. Montani, S. Mobbs, E. Richard, M.W. Rotach, M. Arpagaus, H. Russchenberg, P. Schlüssel, M. König,, V. Gärtner, R. Steinacker, M. Dorninger, D.D. Turner, T. Weckwerth, A. Hense, and C. Simmer, 2008: The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study: A Research and Development Project of the World Weather Research Program for improving quantitative precipitation forecasting in low-mountain regions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,


Crewell, S., and U. Löhnert, 2007: Accuracy of boundary layer temperature profiles retrieved with multi-frequency, multi-angle microwave radiometry. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45(7), 2195-2201, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.888434.

Löhnert, U., E. van Meijgaard, H. K. Baltink, S. Groß, and R. Boers, 2007: Accuracy assessment of an integrated profiling technique for operationally deriving profiles of temperature, humidity, and cloud liquid water, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D04205, doi:10.1029/2006JD007379.

Mech, M., S. Crewell, I. Meirold-Mautner, C. Prigent, and J.-P. Chaboureau, 2007: Information content of millimeter observations for hydrometeor properties in mid-latitudes. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45(7), 2287-2299, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.898261.

Meirold-Mautner, I., C. Prigent, J. R. Pardo, J.-P. Chaboureau, J.-P. Pinty, M. Mech, and S. Crewell, 2007: Radiative transfer simulations using mesoscale cloud model outputs: comparisons with passive microwave and infrared satellite observations for mid-latitudes. J. Atmos. Res., 64(5), 1550–1568, doi:10.1175/JAS3896.1.

Pospichal, B., and S. Crewell, 2007: Boundary Layer Observations in West Africa using a novel microwave radiometer. Meteorologische Zeitung, 16(5), 513-523 doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2007/0228.


Scholl, T., K. Pfeilsticker, A. B. Davis, H. Klein Baltink, S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, C. Simmer, J. Meywerk, and M. Quante, 2006: Path length distributions for solar photons under cloudy skies: Comparison of measured first and second moments with predictions from classical and anomalous diffusion theories. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D12211, doi:10.1029/2004JD005707.

Schröder, M., N. P. M. van Lipzig, F. Ament, J.-P. Chaboureau, S. Crewell, J. Fischer, V. Matthias, E. van Meijgaard., A. Walther, and U. Willén, 2006: Model predicted low-level cloud parameters: Part II: Comparison with satellite remote sensing observations during the BALTEX Bridge Campaigns. Atmos. Res.82(1-2), 83-101, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2005.12.005.

Van Lipzig, N.P.M., M. Schröder, S. Crewell, F. Ament, J.-P. Chaboureau, U. Löhnert, V. Matthias, E. van Meijgaard, M. Quante, U. Willén, and W. Yen, 2006: Model predicted low-level cloud parameters. Part I: Comparison with observations from the BALTEX Bridge Campaigns. Atmos. Res.82(1-2), 55-82, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2006.01.010.

Venema, V., St. Meyer, S. Gimeno Garcia, A. Kniffka, C. Simmer, S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, Th. Trautmann, and A. Macke, 2006: Surrogate cloud fields generated with the Iterative Amplitude Adapted Fourier Transform algorithm, Tellus A, 58(1), 104-120,

Westwater, E. R., S. Crewell, C. Mätzler, and D. Cimini, 2006: Principles of Surface-based Microwave and Millimeter wave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Troposphere, Quaderni Della Societa Italiana di Elettromagnetismo, 1(3), September 2005, 50-90, PDF.


Rose, T., S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, and C. Simmer, 2005: A network suitable microwave radiometer for operational monitoring of the cloudy atmosphere. Atmos. Res., Special issue: CLIWA-NET: Observation and Modelling of Liquid Water Clouds, 75(3), 183-200, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.12.005.

van Meijgaard, E., and S. Crewell, 2005: Comparison of model predicted liquid water path with ground-based measurements during CLIWA-NET. Atmos. Res., Special issue: CLIWA-NET: Observation and Modelling of Liquid Water Clouds, 75(3), 201 - 226, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.12.006.

Willen, U., S. Crewell, H.K. Baltink, and O. Sievers, 2005: Assessing Model Predicted Vertical Cloud Structure and Cloud Overlap with Radar and Lidar Ceilometer Observations for the Baltex Bridge Campaign of CLIWA-NET. Atmos. Res., Special issue: CLIWA-NET: Observation and Modelling of Liquid Water Clouds, 75(3), 227 - 255, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.12.008.


Crewell, S., C. Simmer, H. Bloemink, A. Feijt, S. García, D. Jolivet, O. Krasnov, A. van Lammeren, U. Löhnert, E. van Meijgaard, J. Meywerk, K. Pfeilsticker, M. Quante, S. Schmidt, M. Schröder, T. Scholl, T. Trautmann, V. Venema, M. Wendisch, and U. Willén, 2004: The BALTEX Bridge Campaign: An integrated approach for a better understanding of clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85(10), 1565-1584, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-10-1565.

Löhnert, U., S. Crewell, C. Simmer, 2004: An integrated approach towards retrieving physically consistent profiles of temperature, humidity, and cloud liquid water. J. Appl. Meteorol., 43(9), 1295–1307, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2004)043<1295:AIATRP>2.0.CO;2.

Westwater, E. R., S. Crewell, and C. Mätzler, 2004:
A review of surface-based microwave and millimeter-wave radiometric remote sensing of the troposphere.
Radio Science Bulletin, No. 3010, September 2004, 59-80, PDF.


Wulfmeyer, V., H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, and U. Wandinger, 2003: Lidar Research Network Water Vapor and Wind. Meteorol. Z., 12, 6-24, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2003/0012-0005.

Löhnert, U. ,G. Feingold, A. S. Frisch, M. Shupe, T. Uttal, 2003: Analysis of two independent methods for retrieving liquid water profiles in spring and summer Arctic boundary clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 4219, doi:10.1029/2002JD002861

Löhnert, U., and S. Crewell, 2003: Accuraccy of cloud liquid water path from ground-based microwave radiometry. Part I. Dependency on Cloud model statistics. Radio Science, 38(3), 8041, 2003, doi:10.1029/2002RS002654.

Crewell, S., and U. Löhnert, 2003: Accuraccy of cloud liquid water path from ground-based microwave radiometry. Part II. Sensor accuracy and synergy. Radio Science, 38(3), 8042, 2003, doi:10.1029/2002RS002634.


Crewell, S., M. Drusch, E. Van Meijgaard, and A. Van Lammeren, 2002: Cloud Observations and Modelling within the European BALTEX Cloud Liquid Water Network. Boreal Environment Research, 7, 235-245, PDF.


Crewell, S., H. Czekala, U. Löhnert, C. Simmer, Th. Rose, R. Zimmermann, and R. Zimmermann, 2001: Microwave Radiometer for Cloud Carthography: A 22-channel ground-based microwave radiometer for atmospheric research. Radio Science, 36, 621-638, doi:10.1029/2000RS002396.

Czekala, H., S. Crewell, A. Hornbostel, K. Schroth, C. Simmer, and A. Thiele, 2001: Interpretation of polarization features in ground based microwave observations as caused by horizontally aligned oblate rain drops. J. Appl. Meteorol., 40, 1918-1932, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2001)040<1918:IOPFIG>2.0.CO;2.

Czekala, H., A. Thiele, S. Crewell, and C. Simmer, 2001: Discrimination of cloud and rain liquid water path by groundbased polarized microwave radiometry. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 267-270,doi:10.1029/2000GL012247.

Löhnert, U., S. Crewell, A. Macke, and C. Simmer, 2001: Profiling cloud liquid water by combining active and passive microwave measurements with cloud model statistics. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 18(8), 1354-1366, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<1354:PCLWBC>2.0.CO;2.


Crewell, S., U. Löhnert, A. van Lammeren, and M. Quante, 2000: Cloud remote sensing by combining synergetic sensor information. Phys. Chem. Earth (B), 25, 1042-1048, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(00)00150-7.

Haase, G., S. Crewell, C. Simmer, und W. Wergen, 2000: Assimilation of radar data in mesoscale models: Physical Initialization and latent heat nudging. Phys. Chem. Earth (B), 25, 1237-1242, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(00)00186-6.

Haase, G., and S. Crewell, 2000: Simulation of radar reflectivities using a mesoscale weather forecast model. Water Resources Research, 36, 2221-2230, doi:10.1029/2000WR900041.

Meetschen, D., S. Crewell, P. Gross, C. Simmer, and A. van Lammeren, 2000: Simulation of weather radar products from a mesoscale model. Phys. Chem. Earth (B), 25, 1257-1261, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(00)00189-1.


Crewell, S., G. Haase, U. Löhnert, H. Mebold, and C. Simmer, 1999: A ground based multi-sensor system for the remote sensing of clouds. Phys. Chem. Earth (B), 24, 207-211, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(98)00039-2.

publications/reviewed.txt · Last modified: 2022/12/11 21:31 by uli