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instruments:instruments [2013/06/07 11:11] uliinstruments:instruments [2021/01/22 22:17] (current) – external edit 127.0.0.1
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-====== Instruments operated by IGMK ======+====== Instruments operated by RG Integrated Remote Sensing ======
 ==== AERI ====  ==== AERI ==== 
-The  [[instruments:aeri:aeri|Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)]]measures downwelling infrared radiation from 3-25 µm at less than one wavenumber resolution to derive profiles of tropospheric temperature and humidity. It is also sensitive cloud properties and CO2.+The  [[instruments:aeri:aeri|Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)]] measures downwelling infrared radiation from 3-25 µm at less than one wavenumber resolution to derive profiles of tropospheric temperature and humidity. It is also sensitive cloud properties and CO2.
  
 ==== Ceilometer ==== ==== Ceilometer ====
-Our [[instruments:ceilo:ceilometer|ceilometer CT25K]] is based on the light detecting and ranging (LIDAR) principle: it sends out laser pulses and measures the backscattered light (at 905 nm). From the time delay it derives cloud base height (i.e. the //ceiling// in aviation) as well as boundary layer structures. +Our [[instruments:ceilo:ceilometer|ceilometer CT25K]] is based on the light detecting and ranging (LIDAR) principle: it sends out laser pulses and measures the backscattered light (at 905 nm). From the time delay it derives cloud base height (i.e. the //ceiling// in aviation) up 7.5 km hieght as well as boundary layer structures. We also operate a high-power ceilometer [[instruments:ceilo:ceilometer_jen|CHM15k]] which can detect clouds up to 15 km height. For background information see the [[http://cfa.aquila.infn.it/wiki.eg-climet.org/index.php5/Ceilometer|EG-CLIMET wiki]].
  
 ==== Cloud Radar ==== ==== Cloud Radar ====
-IGMK'scanning [[instruments:mira:mira|cloud radar MIRA.]] is a pulsed Doppler radar which measures profiles of reflectivity, Doppler velocity, Doppler spectral width, and linear depolarization ratio at 35.5 GHz. From these, various macro- and microphysical properties of clouds and precipitation can be derived. +Our scanning [[instruments:mira:mira|cloud radar JOYRAD-35]] is a pulsed Doppler radar which measures profiles of reflectivity, Doppler velocity, Doppler spectral width, and linear depolarization ratio at 35.5 GHz. From these, various macro- and microphysical properties of clouds and precipitation can be derived. For background information see the [[http://cfa.aquila.infn.it/wiki.eg-climet.org/index.php?title=Cloud_radar|EG-CLIMET wiki]]. In addition, we operate the 94 GHz FMCW cloud radar [[instruments:joyrad94:joyrad94| cloud radar JOYRAD-94]] which can resolve cloud structures down to a resolution of 5 m.  
 + 
 +==== Doppler Lidar ==== 
 +The [[instruments:wind_lidar|Doppler Lidar]] sends out pulses of light in the near-infrared part of the spectrum. The Doppler shift of the signal backscattered by aerosol can be used to infer line-of-sight wind speed within the boundary layer. Scanning in elevation and azimuth allows derivation of the full wind vector. For background information see the [[http://cfa.aquila.infn.it/wiki.eg-climet.org/index.php5/Doppler_Wind_Lidar|EG-CLIMET wiki]]. 
 + 
 +==== Meteorological tower ==== 
 +Forschungszentrum Jülich operates as 120 m high [[instruments:tower:tower|meteorological tower]] with platforms for measuring wind, humidity and temperature
  
 ==== Microwave Radiometer ==== ==== Microwave Radiometer ====
-Microwave radiometers measure spectral radiance emitted and scattered by atmospheric gases and hydrometeors. IGMK operates Humidity And Temperature PROfilers (HATPRO) which are suited for continuously monitoring the hemispheric distribution of cloud Liquid Water Path (LWP) and Integrated Water Vapor (IWV) as well as tropospheric temperature profiles.+[[publications:hatpro-wiki|Microwave radiometers]] measure spectral radiance emitted and scattered by atmospheric gases and hydrometeors. Our reserach group operates three Humidity And Temperature PROfilers (HATPRO) which are suited for continuously monitoring the hemispheric distribution of cloud Liquid Water Path (LWP) and Integrated Water Vapor (IWV) as well as tropospheric temperature profiles.
     * [[instruments:sunhat:sunhat|HATPRO-SUNHAT]]     * [[instruments:sunhat:sunhat|HATPRO-SUNHAT]]
     * [[instruments:snohat:snohat|HATPRO-SNOHAT]]     * [[instruments:snohat:snohat|HATPRO-SNOHAT]]
     * [[instruments:tophat:tophat|HATPRO-TOPHAT]]     * [[instruments:tophat:tophat|HATPRO-TOPHAT]]
-Additionally, IGMK operates the [[instruments:dpr:dpr|Dual Polarization Radiometer (DPR)]] which measures in mm wavelength atmospheric windows for snowfall and super-cooled liquid water retrieval. Formerly, within an ESA-study, we operated the [[instruments:atprop:atprop|ATmospheric PRopagation and Profiling system (ATPROP)]] to better quantify atmospheric perturbations on satellite signals. Click [[instruments:mwr_references|here]] for a list of relevant references.+Additionally, [[instruments:dpr:dpr|Dual Polarization Radiometer (DPR)]] is operated which measures in mm wavelength atmospheric windows and is highly sensitive to snowfall and super-cooled liquid water. Click [[instruments:mwr_references|here]] for a list of relevant references. For background information see the [[http://cfa.aquila.infn.it/wiki.eg-climet.org/index.php?title=Microwave_radiometer|EG-CLIMET wiki]]. 
 ==== MRR ===== ==== MRR =====
-The [[instruments:mrr:mrr|Micro Rain Radar (MRR)]] is a vertically pointing FM-CW Doppler radar operating at K-band. From the Doppler spectra the radar reflectivity factor (Ze) and the terminal fall velocity distribution as well as microphysical rain properties can be derived.+The [[instruments:mrr:mrr|Micro Rain Radar (MRR)]] is a vertically pointing FMCW Doppler radar operating in the K-band. From the Doppler spectra the radar reflectivity factor (Ze) and the terminal fall velocity distribution as well as microphysical rain properties can be derived
 + 
 +==== Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer ==== 
 +The [[instruments:mfrsr:mfrsr|Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer]] (MFRSR) allows the retrieval of aerosol optical depth, aerosol size information as well as cloud optical depth for single-layer “horizontally homogeneous” liquid clouds. 
 + 
 +==== Radiation sensors ===== 
 +A complete surface radiation balance is possible with the [[instruments:radiation:radiation|radiation sensors]] measuring at JOYCE. 
 + 
 +==== Surface precipitation ===== 
 +Surface precipitation is measured with a standard [[instruments:pluvio:pluvio|Pluvio]] gauge (weighing principle) as well as with an optical didrometer [[instruments:parzivel:parzivel|Parsivel]] yielding information on the size and fall velocity of the precipitation particles.
  
 ==== Scintillometer ==== ==== Scintillometer ====
-A [[instruments:scintillometer:scintillometer|Scintillometer]] measures the path-averaged structure parameter of the refractive index of air over horizontal path. In combination with standart meteorological observations (air temperature, wind speed, and air pressure) this can be used to derive the surface sensible heat flux.+A [[instruments:scintillometer:scintillometer|Scintillometer]] measures the path-averaged structure parameter of the refractive index of air over horizontal path. In combination with standart meteorological observations (air temperature, wind speed, and air pressure) this can be used to derive the surface sensible heat flux.
  
 ==== Sodar ==== ==== Sodar ====
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 ==== TSI ==== ==== TSI ====
-[[instruments:tsi:TSI|Total Sky Imager (TSI)]] is used to identify cloud types and cloud coverage and complements our cloud liquid water observations. +Our [[instruments:tsi:TSI|Total Sky Imager (TSI)]] is used to identify cloud types and derives cloud coverage complementing the observations of the other instruments
  
-==== Wind Lidar ==== 
-The Wind Lidar [[instruments:wind_lidar|Wind Lidar]] sends out pulses of light in the near-infrared part of the spectrum. The Doppler shift of the signal backscattered by aerosol can be used to infer line-of-sight wind speed within the boundary layer. Scanning in elevation and azimuth allows derivation of the full wind vector. 
  
  
  
instruments/instruments.1370596300.txt.gz · Last modified: 2016/04/07 19:53 (external edit)